Taxa

Vigna (Vigna Savi)

Vigna is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, with a pantropical distribution. It includes some well-known cultivated species, including many types of beans. Some are former members of the genus Phaseolus.

NCBI taxonomy ID: 3913

Tools and resources for the genus as a whole

CowpeaMine
InterMine interface for accessing genetic and genomic data for several species in Vigna.
ZZBrowse
Association viewers (QTL, GWAS)
Genome Context Viewer
Browser for dynamically discovering and viewing genomic synteny across selected species.
Germplasm GIS
Geographic information system viewer, showing collection locations for Vigna data held by the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System.

Tools and resources for particular species


Vigna angularis: adzuki bean

Adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) is a diploid legume crop (2n = 2x = 22). Adzuki beans are commonly sweetened before eating by boiling the beans with sugar, resulting in red bean paste. The adzuki bean is a good dietary source for a variety of minerals including; magnesium, potassium and zinc. Genome assemblies have been generated for several accessions.

NCBI taxonomy ID: 3914

Vigna angularis resources

LIS Genome Browser (GBrowse)
GBrowse for Vigna angularis assembly v3.0
LIS Genome Browser (JBrowse)
JBrowse for Vigna angularis assembly v3.0
LIS SequenceServer
SequenceServer BLAST against the Vigna angularis assembly v3.0

Vigna angularis accessions

Gyeongwon (South Korea)
Adzuki bean cultivar Gyeongwon was developed in South Korea for agronomic and seed-quality characteristics. This line was used to generate a genome assembly described in Kang et al., 2015 (10.1038/srep08069)
No resources are currently listed for accession Gyeongwon. Shumari (Japan)
Adzuki bean cultivar Shumari was used to generate a genome assembly described in Sakai et al., 2015 (10.1038/srep16780).
No resources are currently listed for accession Shumari.

Vigna radiata: mungbean

Mungbean (Vigna radiata), also known as moong bean, green gram, is a fast-growing warm-season legume and has a diploid chromosome number of 2n=22. Mungbean is mainly cultivated today in China, India and Southeast Asia but can be found in dry regions within Southern Europe and United States. Mungbeans are a good source of dietary protein, folate and iron. This legume species was moved from the genus Phaseolus to Vigna and is correctly cites as Vigna radiata.

NCBI taxonomy ID: 157791

Vigna radiata resources

LIS Genome Browser (GBrowse)
GBrowse for Vigna radiata assembly v1.0
LIS Genome Browser (JBrowse)
JBrowse for Vigna radiata assembly v1.0
LIS SequenceServer
SequenceServer BLAST against the Vigna radiata assembly v1.0

Vigna radiata accessions

VC1973A (South Korea)
Vigna radiata accession VC1973A was chosen for genome sequencing. VC1973A was developed at the AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center in 1982; since then, it has been widely grown in Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, Canada and China as a heteronymous cultivar called 'Seonhwanogdu' in Korea, 'Kamphaeng Saen 1' in Thailand and 'Zhong Lu' in China. Accession description is from Kang et al., 2014 (DOI:10.1038/ncomms6443).
No resources are currently listed for accession VC1973A.

Vigna unguiculata: cowpea

Image: cowpea

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is used in many parts of the world for its high-protein seeds, but also for its nutrient-rich edible leaves, forage, and soil enrichment. Cowpea is generally more heat-tolerant than common bean. Cowpeas are one of the most important food legume crops in the semi-arid tropics that cover Asia, Africa, southern Europe and Central and South America. A drought-tolerant and warm-weather crop, cowpeas are well-adapted to the drier regions of the tropics, where other food legumes do not perform as well. It also has the useful ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen through its root nodules, and it grows well in poor soils.

NCBI taxonomy ID: 3917

Vigna unguiculata resources

LIS SequenceServer
SequenceServer BLAST against the Vigna unguiculata assembly 1.0

Vigna unguiculata accessions

IT97K-499-35 (IITA, Nigeria)
Cowpea variety is an elite breeding line developed at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA, Nigeria). This accession was used for generation of the reference genome assembly described in Lonardi et al., 2019 (DOI:10.1111/tpj.14349). CB5-2 (USA)
CB5-2 is a fully inbred stock that is closely related to CB5, which was the predominant Blackeye of the US Southwest for several decades. CB5 (Blackeye 8415) was bred by WW Mackie at the University of California (Mackie, 1946) to add resistances to Fusarium wilt and nematodes to a previously preferred California Blackeye landrace.
No resources are currently listed for accession CB5-2. Sanzi (Ghana)
Sanzi is an early flowering, small-seeded landrace from Ghana with resistance to flower bud thrips (Boukar et al. 2013).
No resources are currently listed for accession Sanzi. Suvita2 (Burkina Faso)
Suvita2, also known as Gorom Local (IITA accession TVu-15553, US NPGR PI 583259), is resistant to bruchids and some races of Striga, and is relatively drought tolerant. This landrace was collected from a local market by VD Aggarwal at the Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA) in Burkina Faso (Aggarwal et al. 1984).
No resources are currently listed for accession Suvita2. TZ30 (Asia)
Elite longbean accession from the Asian sub-population, representing the sesquipedalis cultivar group.
No resources are currently listed for accession TZ30. UCR779 (Botswana)
UCR779 (PI 583014) is a landrace from Botswana, provided to UC Riverside as BOTS 19A in 1987 by CJ DeMooy of Colorado State University.
No resources are currently listed for accession UCR779. ZN016 (Asia)
Landrace longbean accession from the Asian sub-population, representing the sesquipedalis culitvar group.
No resources are currently listed for accession ZN016.