Pisum is a genus of the family Fabaceae, native to southwest Asia and northeast Africa. It contains one to five species, depending on taxonomic interpretation; the International Legume Database (ILDIS) accepts three species: Pisum abyssinicum, Pisum fulvum, and Pisum sativum. Pisum sativum (the field or garden pea) is a major human food crop.
NCBI taxonomy ID: 3887
Pea is an important grain legume, serving multiple roles: as a dry pulse, a green vegetable (with varieties grown for seeds and for pods), as a green manure and cover crop, and as a forage. Pea was domesticated ~10,000 years ago by Neolithic farmers of the Fertile Crescent, along with cereals and other grain legumes (Kreplak et al., 2019; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-019-0480-1).
NCBI taxonomy ID: 3888