Cicer is a genus of the legume family, Fabaceae, and the only genus found in tribe Cicereae. It is included within the IRLC, and its native distribution is across the Middle East and Asia. Its best-known and only domesticated member is Cicer arietinum, the chickpea.
NCBI taxonomy ID: 3826
Tools and resources for the genus as a whole
- InterMine interface for accessing genetic and genomic data for several Cicer species.
- Genotype comparison visualization tool.
- Genome Context Viewer
- Browser for dynamically discovering and viewing genomic synteny across selected species.
- Germplasm GIS
- Geographic information system viewer, showing collection locations for Cicer data held by the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System.
Tools and resources for particular species
Cicer arietinum: chickpea
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume species in the group of 'cool-season' legumes, along with lentil, pea, faba bean and clovers. Chickpea is one of the earliest cultivated legumes: 7,500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. Other common names for the species include garbanzo bean, ceci bean, sanagalu, chana and Bengal gram. There to are two main types of cultivated chickpeas based on seed morphology, desi and kabuli. The desi type of chickpea consists of seeds with a yellow interior but have a thick, wrinkled and dark seed coat, the seeds are approximately 6 to 7 mm in size. The majority of desi chickpeas are split in half to make Chana Dahl. Whereas, the kabuli type of chickpea are lighter in color, have a smooth seed coat and about 8 to 9 mm in size. The kabuli type of chickpeas are the most common type found in America.
NCBI taxonomy ID: 3827
No resources are currently listed for Cicer arietinum
Cicer arietinum accessions
Chickpea variety CDC Frontier is a kabuli type chickpea (light-seeded), selected as a variety in Canada. The genome has been sequenced: Varshney et al., 2013 (DOI:10.1038/nbt.2491)
Chickpea variety ICC 4958 is a desi type chickpea (dark-seeded). The genome has been sequenced: Parween, S et al., 2015 (DOI:10.1038/srep12806)
Cicer echinospermum: chickpea wild relative
Cicer echinospermum is a wild relative of cultivated C. arietinum (chickpea) and native to Southeastern Turkey. C. echinospermum genotypes are partially compatible with cultivated C. ariteinum and its immediate wild progenitor Cicer reticulatum.
NCBI taxonomy ID: 90897
No resources are currently listed for Cicer echinospermum
Cicer echinospermum accessions
(Sanliurfa province, Turkey: latitude 37.821118, longitude 39,641649, altitude 1,126 meters.)
One member (strain 065) of a wild plant population named S2Drd between the cities Siverek and Diyarbakir (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-02867-z).
No resources are currently listed for accession S2Drd065
Cicer reticulatum: chickpea wild progenitor
Cicer reticulatum is a wild relative of cultivated C. arietinum (chickpea) and native to Southeastern Turkey. C. reticulatum is the immediate progenitor of cultivated chickpea, C. arietinum.
NCBI taxonomy ID: 90898
No resources are currently listed for Cicer reticulatum
Cicer reticulatum accessions
(Beşevler is a small town in the Mardin province of Turkey: latitude 37.516581, longitude 40.855175 altitude 902 meters. The name of the town (Beşevler) literally means “five houses”.)
One member (strain 079) of a wild plant population named “Beşevler” located south of the city of Savur (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-02867-z).
No resources are currently listed for accession Besev079